Disproportionate minority confinement in New York State

Phase II, assessment
  • 146 Pages
  • 2.87 MB
  • English
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, Office of Justice Systems Analysis, Bureau of Research and Evaluation , [Albany, N.Y.?]
Juvenile justice, Administration of -- New York (States), Discrimination in criminal justice administration -- New York (State), Juvenile delinquents -- New York (State), Minority youth -- New York (State), Prison sentences -- New York (S


New York (States), New York (S

Statementprepared by James F. Nelson, Sharon E. Lansing.
ContributionsLansing, Sharon., New York (State). Division of Criminal Justice Services. Bureau of Research & Evaluation.
LC ClassificationsHV9105.N7 N36 1997
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, [9], 146 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL727593M
LC Control Number97116298

Disproportionate Minority Confinement: A Review of the Literature from through Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Differences in arrest rates and processing of juvenile offenders are the residue of policies and practices that.

Any State that fails to address the overrepresentation of minority youth in juvenile justice system contact stands to lose 20 percent of its Formula Grants allocation for the year. In DecemberPresident Trump signed into law the Juvenile Justice Reform Act of (JJRA), reauthorizing and substantially amending the Juvenile Justice and.

Disproportionate Minority Contact Overview. New York State is required to address the disproportionate representation of youth of color in the juvenile justice system (i.e. disproportionate minority contact or “DMC”) as a condition of its receipt of federal Juvenile Justice Title II Formula funding.

Disproportionate Juvenile Minority Confinement A State-Level Assessment of Racial Threat Article (PDF Available) in Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice 11(4) October with Reads. disproportionate minority confinement.

The number of youth held in secure detention nationwide increased by 72% from to During this period, the proportion of detention populations made up of white youth dropped and minority youth came to represent a majority of the young people detained.

and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system as disproportionate minority contact. DMC used to stand for disproportionate minority confinement.

Confinement was changed to contact in because of disproportionality throughout all stages of the juvenile justice system (e.g., arrest, diversion,File Size: KB.

address disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) in their state plans. Specifical­ was required to develop and implement plans to reduce the disproportionate represen­ tation (Section (a)(23)). In the amendments to the JJDP Act, DMC was elevated to a core protection for youth, with future funding eligibility tied to state compliance.

Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC) of Youth: An Analysis of State and Federal Efforts to Address the Issue Article (PDF Available) in Crime & Delinquency 48(1) January with Author: Michael J.

Leiber. The Trouble with Disproportionate Minority Confinement.

Details Disproportionate minority confinement in New York State PDF

Mike Males Published: Decem Recent reports by the W. Haywood Burns Institute and NAACP deploring disproportionate minority confinement in juvenile facilities raise an important ongoing issue.

Violence risk and race in a sample of youth in juvenile detention: The potential to reduce disproportionate minority confinement. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 4, doi: / Davis, J., & Sorensen, J.

Disproportionate juvenile minority confinement: A state-level assessment of racial threat. Breaking the lock: Addressing ‘disproportionate minority confinement’ in the United States using a human rights approach John K Mooradian Journal of Social Work 1, Cited by: 8. mula funds could be withheld if states did not comply.

InCongress again modified the disproportionate minority confinement requirement and mandated states to implement juvenile delinquency prevention efforts and system improvement efforts designed to reduce, without establishing or requiring numerical standards or quotas, the disproportionate number of juvenile members of.

Describes developments in addressing disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) at the national, state, and local levels. This OJJDP Summary begins with a brief review of the most recent data, followed by an outline of national efforts by OJJDP and others during the past 5.

Disproportionate Minority Contact: Current Issues and Policies [Nicolle Parsons-Pollard] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Disproportionate Minority Contact: Current 5/5(1). DISPROPORTIONATE MINORITY CONTACT AMONG JUVENILES IN NEW JERSEY A SUMMARY REPORT For & the issue of Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC).

The Juvenile Justice and (found on pages 14 and 15) provide a state summary of the Relative Rate Index for years and Tables (found on pages. 1 Youth advocates encourage use of the term racial and ethnic disparities rather than disproportionate minority contact for a number of reasons.

In some parts of the country, people of color are—or will soon be—the majority. For this reason alone, the use of the terms File Size: KB. confinement (those juveniles confined either pre- or post-adjudication), and led to an amendment to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of to track those differences through the Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC) core requirement.

Later amendments, passed inexpanded the concept of DMC, seeking toFile Size: KB. A few sources trace it to a story from in the New York Times and a little digging found the article from May of that year. ”’We get arrested for D.W.B.,’ said a year-old named Steve. ‘You know, driving while black,’” is the line credited as the first print reference to the phenomena, which involved the shooting of a year Author: John Lash.

Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Pursuant to section (a)(22) of the JJDP Act, states must initiate delinquency prevention and system improvement efforts designed to reduce, without establishing or requiring numerical standards or quotas, the disproportionate number of minority juveniles who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.

In the book it stated that the incarceration rate at the federal and state level increased % over just a 12 year time frame. Also, the book stated that black drug offenders make up 46% of those arrested for drugs after the war on drugs began.

If there is disproportionate minority confinement, the state must develop and implement policies. As of May, data from New York City showed that black people are arrested for marijuana at eight times the rate of white people.

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In Manhattan, it’s 15 times as much. In Manhattan, it’s 15 times. See Section to learn more about Disproportionate Minority Contact. This page was adapted from Section of the National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses. 1 In this context, “states” refers to all U.S.

states, territories and the District of Columbia. Disproportionate Minority Representation (DMR) or disproportionality occurs as new entries and are included. Children in care: Rest of State - Race/Ethnicity Rate Per Children File Size: KB. Buy This Book in Print summary An in-depth examination of the contextual nature of decision making and the causes of disproportionate minority confinement in four relatively homogenous juvenile courts in Iowa, this book explores the subjective social psychological processes of juvenile court officers and the factors that influence those : Michael J.

Leiber. Disproportionate minority contact (DMC) refers to the disproportionate rep­ resentation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system. DMC irst came to national attention inwhen the Coalition for Juvenile Justice (formerly the National Coalition of State Juvenile Justice Advisory Groups) focused.

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Furthermore, the “disproportionate minority confinement” requirement of the Act forces those States that do find disparate representation among juvenile minorities to advance efforts to reduce it (see “Juvenile Offenders and Victims: National Report” by Howard N.

Snyder and Melissa Sickmund.). The report describes relevant data about school-justice indicators in New York City, emerging trends in policy and practice around the country, and provides recommendations and strategies for implementation.

Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) () Coalition for Juvenile Justice. The rate of contact for the minority youth divided by the rate of contact for the majority youth is the RRI value. The RRI value provides information that could indicate potential DMC contributing factors, though not necessarily a disparate treatment of minority youth within a jurisdiction.

Disproportionate Minority Contact Report. Despite diverse sites 8 common strategies 1. Focus on data collection and utilization. Collaboration with other state/local agencies, police, judges, and community, change 3.

institutional culture from punitive to what is best for youth and community 4. affiliation with national juvenile justice reform initiatives 5 alternatives to secure detention/confinement and formal system involvement.

Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC) This book is based on the view that the effects of race on justice system decision making are variable—dependent on time, macrosocial factors (e.g., racial com-position of communities),the characteristics of the court in question (e.g.,degree.

References Cole, D. (), No equal justice: race and class in the American criminal justice system, New York: The New Press. Firefax County. (), Disproportionate minority contact for African-American and Hispanic youth: the story behind the numbers and the path to .DISPROPORTIONATE MINORITY CONTACT.

Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) is the involvement of youth-of-color in the juvenile justice system at rates that are disproportionate compared to those of White, non-Hispanic youth. DMC has been recognized on the national level sincewhen the issue was presented to Congress by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice.Washington State Disproportionate Minority Contact Assessment January, Executive Summary Sincethe Federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), acting on Congressional legislation, has required states to conduct regular assessments of the level of DMC at each major decision point in the juvenile justice system.